National Plan

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Summary of China Urbanization plan for 2014-2020

A national plan (2014-2020), the first of its kind, was unveiled on March 16, 2014,by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China(CPC)and the State Council, the country’s Cabinet. Urbanization is the road that China must take in its modernization drive, and it serves as a strong engine for sustainable and healthy economic growth.

The plan says, China’s permanent urban residents make up 53.7 percent of its population, lower than the developed nations’ average of 80 percent and the average of 60 percent in developing countries with similar per capita income levels as China. By 2020, permanent urban residents will reach about 60 percent of the population, while residents with city “hukou” should account for about 45 percent of the total population. China has vowed to help 100 million migrant workers and other permanent urban residents to obtain urban household.

The plan also highlights ecological progress and urbanization quality. Some cities have planned super-high buildings to improve efficiency in land use, but it takes a lot of fossil energy to bring water to a floor hundreds of meters high, making them “pseudo-low-carbon”. China will boost construction of green cities, using ecological advancements in urban development to create green production modes, green lifestyle and green consumption modes.

This is China’s first official plan on urbanization, showcasing great significance the government attaches to a human-centered and environmental-friendly urbanization process.

Major objectives

  • Permanent urban residents rose from 17.9 percent of the total population in 1978 to 53.7 percent in 2013. By 2020, permanent urban residents should reach 60 percent of the populace, while three quarters of those residents will have “hukou” (household registration).
  • The leading role of major cities will be emphasized, while increasing the number of small and medium cities. The service functions of small towns will be improved.
  • Expressways will link cities with over 200,000 residents by 2020, and high-speed rail will connect those with above 500,000 residents. Civil aviation services will cover about 90 percent of China’s population.
  • The urban environment will be harmonious and pleasant with basic public services accessible to all permanent urbanites. Green production and consumption will be the norm in the urban economy. Clean air and safe drinking water will be available for all.
  • The systems of household registration, land management, social security, taxation and general administration will be improved.


— Strong impetus for sustainable economic growth

— Accelerates industrial restructuring

— Solves agricultural problems

— Balances regional development

Basic Principles

— People at the center

— Social justice

— Balanced rural and urban development

— Optimized city layouts

— Efficient use of land

— Coordination with information, industrialization and agricultural modernization

— Green development

— Cultural heritage emphasized through the distinctive characteristics of each city

Chinese Version  中文版本如下